Our series on inter-city games involving Philadelphia area teams and St. Louis teams in the 1910s continues.
When, a year after winning the American Cup, Tacony FC traveled to St. Louis in 1911, they came back from two goals down to draw 4–4 with St. Louis champion St. Leos in what newspaper reports called a “blue ribbon” match to decide the “national championship.” With the draw, talk of a national champion ended. But the very next day, Tacony lost 3–1 to Innisfails, the second best team in St. Louis, in what was only the third defeat suffered by the Philadelphia team in two years. An unprepared Tacony squandered the opportunity to prove its superiority over St. Leos when that team toured the East Coast in March of 1912, losing 2–1 in the first game of the tour. But the trip east soon proved to be a disappointment for St. Leos. The win in Philadelphia was the only victory of the tour and the visitors returned to St. Louis with a 1–3–1 record, including a humiliating 7–1 loss to 1911 American Cup champions Howard & Bullough.
In March of 1913, Tacony would have a chance to avenge its loss in St. Louis when Innisfails embarked on an East Coast tour of their own. But before that, two East Coast teams would travel west to try their luck in the Mound City.
West Hudsons and Howard & Bullough in St. Louis
Harrison, New Jersey’s West Hudson AA won the 1912 American Cup, defeating Paterson Rangers 1–0. On December 6, 1912, the Philadelphia Inquirer reported the Hudsons had agreed to play in St. Louis for a guarantee of $1500 ($35,842 in today’s rates) “with a bonus of ten percent of the profits from the games after the expenses have been deducted.” Fourteen players would make the trip over the Christmas holiday and the Inquirer reported “the eleven will be made up as near as possible of the players who were with the West Hudsons when the club captured the championship last season.” More to the point, William Dooling, the secretary of the St. Louis League, requested “that the Harrison eleven take to St. Louis the players who registered a 3 to 2 victory over the Western team last spring” during St. Leos’ East Coast tour.
Before they met St. Leo’s, West Hudson played Innisfails on Christmas Day in front of some 5,000 spectators. The Inquirer reported on Dec. 26 those spectators saw “the Eastern speed marvels…big husky, husky warriors who are fast withal and can kick and pass to beat the band” defeat the home team 4–1. West Hudson next faced Business Men’s AC on December 28 in a rough match that ended in a 1–1 draw.
The following day the visitors finally faced St. Leo’s at St. Louis’ Sportsmen’s Park. As the Inquirer reported on December 30, “The hard game of the day before had evidently slowed up the West Hudsons somewhat, as they failed to show as much dash and speed as in the contest with the Innisfails on Christmas afternoon.” St. Leo’s showed “some very pretty teamwork and fooled the visitors often by their dribbling and passing.” Scoring three goals in the course of five minutes in the first half, St. Leo’s won the match 4–2.
In another report on December 30, the Inquirer declared that, with the win, the St. Louis team could claim “the American Soccer Championship.” But the report noted, “The Leos can hold that title until they come East at the latter part of the season and it is dollars to doughnuts that they will have their colors lowered, especially if they are booked to tackle [Philadelphia] Victors or [Philadelphia] Hibernian.”
Howard & Bullough, who had thrashed St. Leo’s 7–1 during their East Coast tour in March, visited St. Louis for three games only days after the West Hudsons over the New Year holiday. They lost every game, including 4–1 hiding from Innisfails on New Years Day, with St. Leo’s exacting revenge in a 5–1 win over the Rhode Island team.
The Inquirer reported on February 2 that arrangements had been completed for another St. Leo’s tour of the East that would include games against Tacony, West Hudsons, Fall River Rovers, Howard & Bullough, and Jersey AC. As it turned out, Innisfails would be the St. Louis team to make the trip. A match between the two St. Leo’s and Innisfails on January 19 in league play in the professional St. Louis Soccer League had ended in a massive pitch invasion. With one Innisfails player already ejected in the first half for fighting, another fight broke out between the Innisfails keeper and a St. Leos’ forward with ten minutes left to play and St. Leo’s winning 3–2. Police, and many of the 2,700 spectators, poured onto the field and the game was abandoned. St. Leo’s claimed the victory (and, therefore, 60 percent of the gate receipts) was theirs but the league ignored the claim. When St. Leos quit the league in protest, they were replaced by their rival for the tour.
The Innisfails tour—arranged with the help of the American Football Association, organizers of the American Cup tournament and at the time the governing body of the soccer in the US—would include matches against Tacony, West Hudson, and Fall River Rovers, with Philadelphia Hibernian and Paterson True Blues replacing Howard & Bullough and Jersey AC. The tour, which would begin in Philadelphia against Hibernian on Easter Saturday, March 22, featured a grueling schedule of six games in nine days. The touring team would be made up of 11 Innisfails regulars plus “three star players” from other St. Louis teams. As the Inquirer noted on March 22, “While the club represents one of the leading Irish organizations [in St. Louis], it is, with three exceptions, composed of American-born players.” In contrast, the teams they would be facing on the East Coast were largely made up of immigrant English, Irish and Scottish players.
Philadelphia Hibernian takes on Innisfails
The week before Innisfails was due to play Hibernian, Tacony and Hibs met in the American Cup semifinal at Tacony Ballpark, located in Northeast Philadelphia at State Road and Unruh Street. After winning the tournament in 1910, Tacony made it to the semifinals the following year before being knocked out by Howard & Bullough, who themselves defeated Hibernian in the 1911 final. In 1913, the Hibs were the favorite to win the American Cup. The Inquirer reported on March 16, 1913, that Tacony “has not been very conspicuous this season,” while Hibernian was considered “the one best bet to cop the Cup this season,” being the reigning champions of the Philadelphia’s professional Pennsylvania League. But when the two clubs met on March 15, Tacony prevailed in a 2-1 victory, aided by the inclusion of three players in the side from Philadelphia Electrics and Pennsylvania & Reading Railroad AA, clubs from Philadelphia’s amateur American League.
A report in the Muskogee Times-Democrat on March 19, the day before the team’s departure by rail for the East Coast, described the Innisfails players as “[p]erhaps the most confident soccer football players that ever invaded an enemy’s country,” and the Inquirer reported the team arrived in Philadelphia on March 21, “confident of lowering the colors” of their Philadelphia opponents. When Innisfails met Hibernian at their home field at Second Street and Alleghany Avenue in North Philadelphia the next day, “they treated the crowd, which was the largest ever that has ever attended a game at the Second street grounds, to some of the most scientific passing imaginable, and their combination proved one of the most pleasing features of a finely contested game.”
Innisfails opened the scoring 18 minutes into the first half, with team captain and center forward McCaffrey “doing the trick with a shot that was labeled all the way.” The Inquirer match report on March 23 said, “In the first period Innisfails conclusively proved that they had the edge on the Hibernians, for, with the wind to help them along and their exceptionally strong playing, they appeared to have the Pennsylvania League Champions on the run.”
Center forward McNichol equalized for Hibs ten minutes into the second half off of “a splendid cross” from outside left Tommy Gaynor, “the Innisfails keeper making a mess of the cross, and should have prevented the center forward from scoring.” From there, the home team dominated the half. The Inquirer reported, “There was no mistaking the superiority of the Hibernians toward the later part of the game, for though they did not prove the cleverer combination, they made up for what they lacked in that respect by their doggedness, especially in the final minutes.” Despite this dominance, the Innisfails defense held and the match ended as a 1–1 draw.
On a frigid and windy Easter Sunday the very next day, Innisfails played West Hudsons at Harrison Oval in front of some 2,000 spectators who had “braved the raw air which was all against witnessing the game from a spectator’s standpoint.” While the visitors struggled to establish themselves in the game, the Hudsons scored two goals in the first nine minutes of play, one coming from a penalty kick after a handball.
The Inquirer reported on March 24 that it was McCaffery who got a goal back for Innisfails in the second half, the center forward “taking the ball from the halfway line and beating man after man by his good dribbling, where he left the opposing defense standing still.” The St. Louis team would dominate the rest of the game and, five minutes from time, the visitors found the equalizer. Though the match ended 2–2, the Inquirer declared, “there was no mistaking the superiority of the Westerners after they had once found their bearings for the forwards worked together like clock work and had the Hudson backs on the jump the major part of the game.” The match report concluded, “The Jerseymen saved the day through their clever defending, their goal having some very narrow escapes in the closing minutes.”
Innisfails returned by train to Philadelphia that night to play Tacony the next day in what would be their third game in as many days.
Tacony v Innisfails
On March 24, the same day the Inquirer announced the news that the 1913 American Cup final between Tacony and Patterson True Blues would be played in Philadelphia, Tacony played Innisfails at Tacony Ballpark. It was in a rare Monday game for Philadelphia soccer at the time, perhaps made possible by the Easter holiday.
Tacony elected to play the first half into the wind and, 12 minutes after the opening whistle, center forward Owens scored Tacony’s first goal of the game assisted by outside left Andrews, who was on loan from the Philadelphia Electrics. The Inquirer reported on March 25 that, with the wind at their back, Innisfails “should have scored at least a couple of goals, but their inside men dallied too long with the ball.”
With the score still 1–0 at the end of the first half, Innisfails came out of the gate to dominate play in the first 15 minutes of the second half. But in the 69th minute, Owens made it 2–0 for Tacony, again assisted by Andrews “with a perfect cross.” Andrews soon contributed some scoring of his own. The Inquirer match report described, “When only three more minutes had elapsed Andrews, coming in with a wet sail when Alexander crossed, had the satisfaction of placing his name on the score sheet with a peach.”
The scoring wasn’t over for Tacony. “Hardly had the ball been placed in the center of the field when Bobby Morrison, who was acting captain, passed to Millar, and the latter feeding Andrews at the psychological moment, the latter tallied his second and final goal for Tacony” to make it 4–0. Millar was Robert Millar, the former St. Mirren player and future Bethlehem Steel star and National Soccer Hall of Famer who would coach the US team at the 1930 World Cup. Five minutes from time, Innisfails outside right Peters scored a consolation goal but the match ended as their first loss of the tour.
The Inquirer noted as the game progressed, Innisfails “appeared to slow up considerably in their play, due to playing three games in as many days,” and that “Innisfails were considerably weakened at center forward through the inability of McCaffery, their crack forward, being unable to play through injuries, and in consequence his absence materially weakened the visitors’ attack.”
Of the home team, the Inquirer reported, “Tacony proved conclusively on the day’s form that they had it on their opponents in the run of the game, and the soccer exhibited by the winners was of the real classy type, the kind that has made such teams as Newcastle United and Aston Villa famous all over the world. Tacony, although not as finished as the English teams in their passing, gave one of their best displays of the season, and the game all the way through was of the open variety, the ball being dribbled and passed among the front liners of the Philadelphians with remarkable precision.”
The Innisfails tour was to have continued on Wednesday, March 26 in the first of two games against Fall River Rovers in Massachusetts, but that game was cancelled due to rain. The two teams met on March 29 and, after a scoreless first half, Innisfails scored five minutes into the second half only to concede an equalizer 20 minutes later and the match ended in a 1–1 draw.
On March 30 they played the final game of the tour against Patterson True Blues. It was a wild contest, with the St. Louis team scoring four goals in the first half. But the True Blues also scored three goals of their own in the first half, and a fourth in the second, to finish with a 4–4 draw.
Filled with confidence when they arrived in Philadelphia on March 21, Innisfails returned to St. Louis winless with a 0–1–4 record. While they may have been consoled by the fact that their East Coast tour record was better than that of St. Leos, their rivals back in St. Louis, it is hard to imagine anyone could have realistically expected the tours of either team would end favorably given the number of games crammed into such a short period. After all, trips west had ended in similar disappointment for East Coast teams. In the end, such an expectation was just as absurd as the belief that one-off games could truly determine a national champion.
For Tacony, the 1913 American Cup final remained to be played against Paterson True Blues, who had defeated Fall River Rovers 3–0 in the semifinals the same day Tacony topped Hibernian. Little did the finalists know that they were about to embark on an epic contest that would require two replays to declare a champion.
A version of this article first appeared at the Philly Soccer Page on March 12, 2012.